J-PAS: The Javalambre-Physics of the Accelerated Universe Astrophysical Survey

The Javalambre-Physics of the Accelerated Universe Astrophysical Survey
(J-PAS) is a narrow band, very wide field Cosmological Survey to be
carried out from the Javalambre Observatory in Spain with a
purpose-built, dedicated 2.5m telescope and a 4.7 sq.deg. camera with
1.2Gpix. Starting in late 2015, J-PAS will observe 8500sq.deg. of
Northern Sky and measure $0.003(1+z)$ photo-z for $9\times10^7$ LRG and
ELG galaxies plus several million QSOs, sampling an effective volume of
$\sim 14$ Gpc$^3$ up to $z=1.3$ and becoming the first radial BAO
experiment to reach Stage IV. J-PAS will detect $7\times 10^5$ galaxy
clusters and groups, setting constrains on Dark Energy which rival those
obtained from its BAO measurements. Thanks to the superb characteristics
of the site (seeing ~0.7 arcsec), J-PAS is expected to obtain a deep,
sub-arcsec image of the Northern sky, which combined with its unique
photo-z precision will produce one of the most powerful cosmological
lensing surveys before the arrival of Euclid. J-PAS unprecedented
spectral time domain information will enable a self-contained SN survey
that, without the need for external spectroscopic follow-up, will
detect, classify and measure $\sigma_z\sim 0.5\%$ redshifts for $\sim
4000$ SNeIa and $\sim 900$ core-collapse SNe. The key to the J-PAS
potential is its innovative approach: a contiguous system of 54 filters
with $145\AA$ width, placed $100\AA$ apart over a multi-degree FoV is a
powerful "redshift machine", with the survey speed of a 4000
multiplexing low resolution spectrograph, but many times cheaper and
much faster to build. The J-PAS camera is equivalent to a 4.7 sq.deg.
"IFU" and it will produce a time-resolved, 3D image of the Northern Sky
with a very wide range of Astrophysical applications in Galaxy
Evolution, the nearby Universe and the study of resolved stellar